Preeclampsia: The Foundation of High Blood Pressure in Pregnancy

November 09, 2021

Pregnancy is the period of extreme joy for the expecting mother and her family but gives the feel of a complete roller coaster ride that includes mixed emotions, downfall in health, pain, anxiety, Early Pregnancy Complications, etc. While being pregnant facing some major health issues is considered normal but this is something that even doctors do not consider normal. That rare condition is Preeclampsia.

Preeclampsia, formerly known as toxemia, is a rare condition occurring in pregnant women who have high blood pressure, protein in the urine, swelling in hands, legs, etc. Preeclampsia generally happens during pregnancy and after delivery where women can also witness low clotting factors in their blood and indicate a liver or kidney-related problem.  The common occurring rate of preeclampsia is that it affects only about 2 percent to 8 percent of pregnant women. 

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The severity of the problem can be termed into 4 different parts like mild preeclampsia, severe preeclampsia, eclampsia, and postpartum preeclampsia

Mild Preeclampsia: In mild preeclampsia, the rise in blood pressure of an expecting mother is not that much but even a slight increase in the blood pressure can be considered as the symptoms for the same. It is advised to turn up to a doctor as soon as you discover having the symptoms of preeclampsia. 

Severe Preeclampsia: In severe preeclampsia, the rise in blood pressure of an expecting woman would be very high leading to another health-related problem like swelling in hands, severe headache, etc. 

Eclampsia: People often tend to get confused in preeclampsia and eclampsia but in real eclampsia is a more severe and tragic health condition that involves seizures, immediate delivery of the baby, and other immediate health decisions. Eclampsia is considered to be severe in the sense that it is life-threatening. 

Postpartum Preeclampsia: Postpartum preeclampsia occurs after the delivery of the baby. The symptoms are generally the same as compared to preeclampsia and occur as early as 48 hours after the delivery of up to 6 weeks. 

Symptoms of Preeclampsia

The major symptoms of Preeclampsia include headache, blurry vision, protein in the urine, swelling along with the below-mentioned ones: 

  1. Sudden weight gain 
  2. Dizziness
  3. Trouble breathing 
  4. Severe nausea 
  5. Shoulder pain 
  6. Vision changes like blurry vision, flashing lights, etc. 

Potential Causes of Preeclampsia 

As of now, there is no single cause of preeclampsia defined but some potential causes of preeclampsia are genetic factors, blood vessel problems, and autoimmune disorders. Apart from the above-listed causes of preeclampsia the others are boing over and pregnant, being pregnant in teens, being pregnant the first time, obese, history of high blood pressure, history of diabetes, kidney-related problem, etc. 

Treatments of Preeclampsia

The treatments of preeclampsia are divided into 3 parts. 

  • Delivery: If the problem is to post the delivery one of the best-considered treatments is to deliver the baby as soon as possible. 
  • Treatments during pregnancy: In general, the treatment during pregnancy is to give medications and help lower blood pressure. The medication is to prevent seizures; steroid injections are given to help your baby’s lungs develop quickly. 
  • Treatments after delivery: According to the reports once the delivery is done the symptoms resolve on their own but even if you feel the symptoms consider getting proper treatment for the same and people residing in Dubai can look for the mentioned gynecology treatment in dubai.


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